It’s unlikely that most Americans will need professional accounting services. This is especially true now that the standard deduction has been significantly increased in the tax reform bill recently passed by Congress. What that means is more Americans are probably less likely to itemize their individual deductions on their tax returns, opting instead to take advantage of the expanded standard deduction. However, for some individuals, it is advantageous to engage the services of an accountant and if you’re in that category, you might ask, “How can I find the best accountant to help me address my tax and accounting needs?”
The circumstances that might give rise to utilizing an accountant’s services are going to vary from person-to-person. For example, if a person owns a business or has numerous investments, then more than likely they would benefit from an accountant’s services. Or perhaps they are going through a major life change and they are not sure of the tax implications – whether it’s a marriage, divorce, birth of a child, establishing a college fund, or entering retirement – they might also benefit from an accountant’s advice to make sure that all appropriate tax laws are being followed. For others, they might be too busy in their professional lives and so they delegate their tax and accounting responsibilities to an accountant, or perhaps they are just simply uncomfortable or unwilling to undertake these responsibilities themselves. Whatever their motivations might be, there are individuals who choose to engage the services of an accountant in order to benefit from their professional expertise.
If an individual has decided that they could benefit from accounting services, then they will also need to decide what kind of service they require. For the most part, this will be determined by the level of their personal tax complexity. For example, let’s say an individual intends to itemize some deductions on their tax return but their situation is relatively straightforward and routine, then it’s possible they could accomplish their goals by simply utilizing an online tax software program like TurboTax. Or if they decide they would rather not do it themselves and would prefer to meet face-to-face with someone, then they might choose a tax preparation company like H&R Block.
However, if an individual owns a business or has numerous investments in stocks, real estate, oil and gas, or other kinds of businesses, and they have significant income, expenses, gains or losses from those investments, then it’s likely they will want to engage the services of a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), which is the highest professional designation that an accountant can receive.
In addition, depending on the nature of those businesses and investments, an individual might want to seek out a CPA who specializes in a specific area of business. All industries are unique and each have tax regulations which govern their specific field, so finding an accountant with expertise in a specific area of business is a wise idea to consider.
Other factors to consider when utilizing accounting services are the relative costs. Typically, an online software program charges a one-time flat fee based on the type of tax form an individual is filing. The same is generally true of a tax preparation company, though they are usually more expensive, given the personal nature of their service. Finally, engaging the services of a CPA will be the most expensive. Often CPAs will charge by the hour (like an attorney) or they might request a monthly retainer, depending on the services they are providing. Or they might also charge a one-time flat fee for preparing and filing taxes.
Another consideration is representation in the event of a tax audit by the IRS. It’s unlikely that most Americans will ever be audited but in the event you are, you will probably want to be represented by the accountant who prepared your taxes. Most CPAs are qualified to represent their clients at an IRS audit but it’s a good idea to make sure this is a service they offer.
If an individual has decided they would like to engage the services of an accountant and they are interested in finding one, there are several options available to them.
One of the most common ways is by personal referral. An individual might ask friends, relatives or business colleagues who they use for accounting services and whether they are satisfied with them. They might also ask for a recommendation from other professionals they might be consulting with, like an attorney, for example. Or they might attend business networking events where it is likely they would meet someone offering professional accounting services.
Finally, they could also conduct an online search. The Directory of Accounting Professionals is a nationwide database of over 35,000 CPAs, accountants and tax preparers with full details including addresses, phone numbers, website, services offered and specializations. The database is searchable by zip code so it’s possible to locate a professional accountant in your specific area with your specific needs.
United Capital Financial Advisers, LLC d/b/a Goldman Sachs Personal Financial Management (“GS PFM”) is a registered investment adviser and an affiliate of Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC and subsidiary of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., a worldwide, full-service investment banking, broker-dealer, asset management, and financial services organization.
The information contained herein is intended for informational purposes only, is not a recommendation to buy or sell any securities, and should not be considered investment advice. GS PFM does not provide legal, tax, or accounting advice. Clients should obtain their own independent legal, tax, or accounting advice based on their particular circumstances. Please contact your financial adviser with questions about your specific needs and circumstances.
Information and opinions expressed by individuals other than GS PFM employees do not necessarily reflect the view of GS PFM. Information and opinions expressed in this article are as of the date of this material only and subject to change without notice.